The different ships types
The caraque (or nao or nef) comes from the cogue appeared around 1200 in Scandinavia: the single mast is replaced by a 3 masts rigging.
At the 17th century the galion becomes progressively a vessel. With her
little sister, the frigate, she will equip the naval forces during more than two
centuries. The forecastle and aftcastle finish to diseappear at the 18th
century on hulls nearly horizontal and lengthened.
The gabare is a servitude ship, armed at the 14th century and later rigged with three masts.
The ketch is a cutter rigging two jibs where the mizzen mast is implemanted forward the helmsmann's place. This ship, very similar to the dundee, riggs a large sail with a gaff surmounted of a gaff topsail and an identical mizzen sail.
The dundee is a fishing ship, of 50 to 60 tons and with 5 or 6 crew ; two large setting booms are rigged on each side of the main mast.
The corvette is a small war ship with three masts, equipped of about ten guns at the 18th century.
The aviso (advice vessel) is a small tonnage ship in charge of carrying announcements, orders.
The full-rigged ship (in french "trois-mâts carré") is rigged with square sails on all three masts
The three-masted barque (in french "trois-mâts barque") has two square rigging, on the foremast and on the main mast, when the mizzen mast is rigged with a spanker on a gaff and a gaff topsail.
The three-masted schooner (in french "trois-mâts goélette") has a square rigging on the foremast when the main mast tand the mizzen mast are rigged with a spanker on a gaff and a gaff topsail.
The four-masted barque differs of the three-masted barque by a second main mast square rigged.